Fascinating Historical Routes in Turkey

Turkey’s ancient sites are an exquisite treat for any traveler’s eyes. From neolithic tombs and Roman and Greek relics to well-preserved neolithic tombs and magnificent Roman and Greek remains, these historical sites from myths and legends will capture your attention as melbet apk and as never before.

Prominent among these sites is Hattusha with the remains of the Hittite capital spread across the hillside, and at the summit is the tomb of Antiochus I, which represents a complex act of balance between the westward expansion of his empire and Parthian rule in the east.


Konya is a magical city with a long and vibrant history, making it the ideal destination for anyone interested in Turkish culture. As Mevlana Celaleddin Rumi’s final home he left behind an enormous turquoise dome tomb which remains one of its main draws today – also visit his shrine and learn of his teachings!

Konya is widely celebrated for its breathtaking Seljuk architecture, especially mosques and medreses (Islamic schools) dating from this period. These mosques and schools showcase its intricate beauty, such as Alaaddin Mosque at the summit of a hill with its intricate calligraphy and geometric patterns; other noteworthy structures include Karatay Medresesi Ince Minaret Medresese as well as Japon Parki which honors friendship between Konya and Japan.

At the heart of it all are ancient structures interlaced with various architectural influences; for instance, Alaeddin Mosque was originally constructed in Seljuk style but later renovated using Ottoman principles, creating a seamless blend. Winter months are particularly delightful in this city as its cobblestone streets become covered in snow-dusted cobbles adorned with cozy cafes. Furthermore, cultural events take place regularly throughout the year.


Hattusha was once home to one of the greatest empires of the Bronze Age. While its remote location may keep many from visiting it today, Hattusha remains fascinating with impressive ruins set against an idyllic natural setting.

Ruins of ancient Babylon are widespread, though some structures have been destroyed due to war or time. Of particular note is the Lion Gate (pictured), featuring two large lion statues which would have stood either side of its portal and protected its entryway – likely decorated with relief sculptures of gods or kings as part of its decoration scheme.

Hattusha was established by the indigenous Hattian people during the early sixth millennium BC and became a center for Hittite culture. Its palaces, temples, trading quarters, and necropolis provide a complete picture of a Hittite metropolis as a legacy from this now extinct civilization.

As your starting point, consider visiting the Great Castle: an easily defendable acropolis within the city that served as home to both royal family members and personal bodyguards of King Yazaki V. From here, you can view remains of several temples and other structures; one temple stands out for its well-preserved church-like shape with arched niches and rounded apse. Or head towards Yerkapi where foundations from over 30 temples can be seen scattered along its hillside.


Turkey has witnessed every stage of human history from Neolithic Catalhoyuk to well-preserved ancient Greek, Roman and Byzantine ruins – from Catalhoyuk’s Neolithic site through to well-preserved ancient Greek, Roman and Byzantine remnants to rugged mountain ranges dotted with fertile plains, high steppe and rugged mountains – its fertile plains, high steppe and rugged mountains have seen every change and transformation during human existence. A destination rich in archaeological finds as well as architectural treasures for history enthusiasts alike!

Sardis stands as an astounding testament to this legacy. Dating back to 7th Century BC, this city served as one of the primary satrapy (goverment) centers for Lydia before it came under Ottoman Turk control and eventually collapsed completely.

Today’s ruins of this once-important Lydian hub include an impressive Lydian temple, the world’s largest synagogue and extensive Roman baths and stadiums. Archaeologists continue to excavate in this area, where archaeologists are uncovering treasures dating from Hellenistic period discoveries up through 2-3C AD that reveal its vibrant cultural tapestry.

Recent excavations at the Lower City have uncovered what could be remnants of a palace, prompting further examination in this part of the site. Shops were also present here, evidenced by finds of glass and ceramic vessels, animal bones, storage containers and shells found. Two rooms and a portico suggest it may have been frequented by Christian shoppers; crosses and part of Kyriakos (Christian) can be seen there.


Pergamon is one of Turkey’s most captivating archaeological sites. Though ruled over by multiple empires throughout its history, Pergamon still embodies many unique aspects of Hellenistic culture and architecture that can still be seen today. Its remains can be found scattered throughout Bergama township a few hours north of Izmir; accessing them can easily be done via scheduled or charter flight from any major European location.

Once upon a time, Pergamon was one of the greatest independent kingdoms in Greece. The Acropolis at its core stood as an exquisite blend of Hellenistic architecture and natural elements like the rugged terrain around Pergamon; its monuments served as symbols of Attalid dynasty power and strength.

Pergamon was also famed for its arts and culture, such as its Altar of Zeus – now situated in Berlin but whose replica stands as an impressive testament to ancient sculpture’s power.

The Sanctuary of Asclepius in Pergamon was one of the key healing centres during antiquity, though only remnants have been excavated so far. Even so, their remains give an idea of their importance in Hellenistic society as well as being home to one of two largest libraries ever (estimated at once holding over 200,000 scrolls!). Thus it should come as no surprise that Pergamon was mentioned by John’s Revelation as one of seven churches of Asia.